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Cusco City Tour:
Cusco Cathedral: Built in 1560 and taking nearly 100 years to complete, Cusco Cathedral is an emblematic feature of Cusco’s main colonial square – Plaza de Armas. In 1928, Cusco Cathedral was granted Minor Basilica status, and became the official seat of the diocese (under the supervision of a bishop). The full name of the Cathedral is “The Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption of the Virgin.” Furthermore, the cathedral was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site under the City of Cusco listing in 1983.
The Koricancha Palace: Religious center known as “The Temple of the Sun” where you will admire the impressive engineering used in its construction. – Sacsayhuaman.- Located 3 Km. From the city of Cusco, impressive stone fortress with an excellent architecture, Famous for its huge carved stones some of which are at 9 m/ 30 feet tall,with a weigh over 350 tons. Here is where the Inty Raymi or Fiesta del Sol take place in June Every year. – Qenqo.- Ceremonial and ritual center, amphitheatre where sacrifices were made. – Puca-Pucara.- An old tambo (resting place), monitoring place throughout the Inka Empire Routes. – Tambomachay.- Located 7 Km. From the city of Cusco, ceremonial center of cult to the water , known traditionally as the place of water. Excursion time: around 5 hours.
Sacred Valley of the Incas
Pisac: The village lies about 28 km from Cusco, right along the Vilcanota or the Urubamba River. Altitude: 3347m and located 3.5km from the town of Pisac. The big attraction are the Incan ruins known as Inca Písac which lie atop a hill at the entrance to the valley. They are separated into four areas stretching along the picturesque ridge- Pisaqa, Intihuatana, Q’allaqasa, and Kinchiracay. Due to its strategic location Pisac was once the site of a vital Inca road which wound its way through the Sacred Valley to the borders of the eastern jungle. This made it an important connecting route for the Inca Empire and the city of Paucartambo– giving Inca Písac a strategic controlling point. With its elevated position, researchers believed the site served a defensive purpose, protecting the southern end of the valley. It was also an important agricultural sector and the terraces constructed on the steep hillside are still in use today.
Ollantaytambo: A village in the Sacred Valley of south Peru, set on the Urubamba River amid snow-capped mountains. It’s known for the Ollantaytambo ruins, a massive Inca fortress with large stone terraces on a hillside. Major sites within the complex include the huge Sun Temple and the Princess Baths fountain. The village’s old town is an Inca-era grid of cobblestoned streets and adobe buildings. Elevation: 2,792 m During the Inca Empire, Ollantaytambo was the royal estate of Emperor Pachacuti, who conquered the region and built the town and a ceremonial center. At the time of the Spanish conquest of Peru, it served as a stronghold for Manco Inca Yupanqui, leader of the Inca resistance.
Chinchero: The small rustic town of Chinchero lies off between Cusco and Urubamba. Located at 3762m above sea level, so is higher than Cusco. It is towered over by the Vilcabamba range and the snow capped peak of Salcantay. There is a great display of Inca architecture, ruins and megalithic carved rocks. Chinchero is home to the famous Peruvian weaving and also has a colorful market. (smaller than the one in Pisac but also offers some beautiful crafts). A beautiful adobe church sits on the plaza, that can be visited daily.
Machu Picchu World Wonder
Machu Picchu took some 30 years to construct. Built during the reign of Inca Pachacutec (1438 – 1471), Due to limited historical information the true and original name of this epic Inca citadel is unknown. Machu Picchu’s name derives from the mountain that lies to the south-west of the citadel, meaning “Old Mountain.”
Machu Picchu citadel covers a vast area of approximately 9 hectares (22.3 acres), and is constructed on a mountain ridge high above the Sacred Valley. Machu Picchu is split into two main sectors: the Agricultural Sector in the south and the Urban Sector in the north, of which both are roughly equal in size. Granite stone was the main building material used in the construction of Machu Picchu, which was obtained from onsite quarries and others within close proximity. The finest Inca construction techniques were reserved for the Royal Quarter; the best examples are found at the Sacred Square, the Temple of the Sun and the Temple of the Moon. This magic and epic Inca citadel is one of South America’s greatest archaeological sites. In 1981, Machu Picchu was declared a Peruvian Historical Sanctuary and later in 1983, it became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
3 Hours Before Flight Time
Travelling to Cusco shouldn’t be underestimated remember the Inca empire is located at 3,400 meters (11,200ft), therefore we strongly recommend to consult your doctor about altitude pills and the vaccines you may need.
It will be a really enjoyable adventure that you will remember for a long time. Cusco the capital of the Incas, a city that still maintains Inca constructions. Visit the amazing Sacred Valley with astonishing landscapes. Machu Picchu is located at 2500 meters (8200 feet) above sea level, the visit to this Inca city is very unique and special. Along the way you will experience the change of climates because Machu Picchu is located in a tropical mountainous area. During the visit to Macchu Picchu you will visit and experience the walks that the Incas did during their existence in this magical place. With this tour you will visit:
Reception in Cusco and transfer from the airport to the hotel of your choice, accommodation and welcome coca tea.
CITY TOURS EXCURSION:
The tour starts by averaging from 1:00 p.m. to 1:30 p.m. with the pick-up of your accommodation. The first place to visit will be the imposing Cathedral of Cusco which houses important canvases and sculptures of the Cusco school, then we will go to the famous Coricancha (Temple of the Sun) in which we can appreciate the mix between Inca constructions.
After the visit to Coricancha, we will go outside the city to Sacsayhuaman where we can see huge blocks of stone of up to 40 tons perfectly placed on top of each other. We will continue to the sector of Qenq´o (labyrinth) that bears this name along its roads that give the impression of being inside a maze, we will continue on our tourist bus to Puca Pucara (red fortress) which was an important control center for the People who wanted to enter the city of Cusco in Inca times. Finally headed to Tambomaycha and last place we will visit where you can still appreciate the skill and knowledge in hydraulic engineering achieved by the Incas. The tour ends approximately at 6:30 p.m.
Cusco Hotel Night.
Breakfast at the hotel
At 8:00 hrs, a bus will come to pick you at your hotel then we start the trip going go to Pisac town, visit it’s archaeological site and its typical market very famous for its beautiful handicrafts. Then we go along the Vilcanota river and its towns Qoya, Lamay, Calca and we continue to Urubamba where we have a buffet lunch. Then we go to the fortress of Ollantaytambo, where descendants of the Incas living in the home of the Incas. After that we continue to Chinchero this would be the last visit of the day and then we return to Cusco.
Hotel night in Cusco
Breakfast at the hotel
Machu Picchu: At the indicated time a bus will come to pick you up to the hotel and transfer you to the Train Station with direction to the amazing Inca city. During the train trip you will be able to view the amazing transition and combination from mountains to jungle and vegetation area. Arrival at Aguas calientes city where immediately you will get in the tourist bus which will bring you to Machu Picchu. After 8 km we will arrive at Machu Picchu citadel where you will find, Inca temples, water deposits, stairways, water fountains, inca platforms, as well as the temple of the sun, the Intiwatana (Solar Clock) the temple of the three windows among other enchanting scenarios. Lunch at the Mapi restaurant and eventually return to Cusco
Hotel night in Cusco
Transfer from your hotel to the Airport to get your flight to your next destination