Lima the Capital of Peru
Lima is also the largest city of Peru. It is located in the valleys of the Chillón, Rímac and Lurín rivers, in the central coastal part of the country, overlooking the Pacific Ocean. Together with the seaport of Callao, it forms a contiguous urban area known as the Lima Metropolitan Area. With a population of almost 15 million inhabitants, Lima is the most populous metropolitan area of Peru and the third-largest city in the Americas, behind São Paulo and Mexico City.
Lima was founded on 18 January 1535 by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro and named the city of kings (Ciudad de los Reyes). It became the capital and most important city in the Viceroyalty of Peru. Following the Peruvian War of Independence, it became the capital of the Republic of Peru (República del Perú).
Nowadays Due to its geostrategic importance, it has been defined as a “beta” city. The city is considered as the political, cultural, financial and commercial center of the country. Internationally, it is one of the thirty most populated urban agglomerations in the world.
Sacred place, known as Huaca Pucllana pyramid, was built by members of the Lima culture, a Pre-Incan indigenous coastal civilization that lasted in the region from around 100 CE to 650 CE. The Lima culture and their contemporaries were notable for their mastery of irrigation, which allowed them to develop settlements across considerable territory. Surrounded by a desert climate, the Lima and other early Peruvian cultures created sprawling networks to carry much-needed water from springs and rivers to the towns. Huaca Pucllana was used partially an administrative site for the surrounding irrigation zone. The complex is separated by a large wall running from north to south, and spaces that were likely used for public meetings, storage, and other production-focused undertakings are focused along its eastern side. The west half was a ceremonial sector, containing the 22-meter-high pyramid and used for religious rites. Today, the Huaca Pucllana complex includes an area for workshops, a small souvenir shop and a restaurant overlooking the ruins. The museum exhibits ceramics, textiles, tools, artifacts and other remains found on the site over the years.
Museum Central Bank Reserve of Peru
The Museum, located at the corner of the Lampa and Ucayali streets in the city of Lima, formerly the headquarters of the Bank, exhibits an archaeological collection with representations of all pre-Columbian cultures, a complete collection of republican paintings of the country, a valuable sample of Popular Art formed by ceramics, painting and textile work and craftsmanship of artisans of several regions of Peru. The Archeology Room presents a representative sample of the art of the original cultures of ancient Peru. Ceramic ceremonial vessels, stone and wood carvings, and ancient fabrics that shows the mastery and quality achieved by the artists of the past. The pre-Columbian metallurgy is displayed in the Hugo Cohen Gold Hall, where a collection is exhibited that is composed of ritual objects and body ornaments made of gold, silver, copper and various alloys. These objects were used by men and women who fulfilled political-religious roles in the societies of ancient Peru.
Lima Main Square
The Plaza Mayor or Plaza de Armas of Lima, is the birthplace of the city of Lima, as well as the core of the city. Located in the Historic Centre of Lima, it is surrounded by the Government Palace, Cathedral of Lima, Archbishop’s Palace of Lima, the Municipal Palace, and the Palace of the Union. In 1523, Spain King Charles mandated the procedures for the creation of cities in the New World. These procedures indicated that after outlining a city’s plan, growth should follow a grid centered on the square shape of the plaza.
San Francisco Basilica
Is the Spanish name for Saint Francis Monastery located in Lima, Peru, one block northeast from the Lima main square. The church and convent are part of the Historic Centre of Lima, which was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1991. Aside from a church and monastery it also contains a library and catacombs. In this church, Jude the Apostle is venerated. The church and monastery were blessed in 1673 and completed in 1674. The church is noted for its architecture, a high example of Spanish Baroque. Its granite carved portal would later influence those on other churches, Including Merced Church. The monastery survived several earthquakes intact in 1687 and 1746, it suffered extensive damage in an earthquake in 1970.
San Francisco catacombs, it is estimated that 25,000 bodies were laid to rest in the catacombs; the crypts, built of bricks and mortar, are very solid and have stood up well to earthquakes. The catacombs served as a burial-place until 1808, when the city cemetery was opened outside Lima and contain thousands of skulls and bones. The catacombs were rediscovered in 1943. It is also believed there existed secret passageways that connected to the Cathedral and the Tribunal of the Holy Inquisition.
Gold Museum Peru
The Peruvian pre-Columbian cultures in its various manifestations, containing materials such as precious metals like gold, silver and some of platinum, multiple textiles, ceramics, mummies and other valuable objects. The collection demonstrates what the Spaniards found when they arrived in South America, which resulted in a struggle between the ancient Peruvians and the Spaniards. The collection is valued at more than $ 10 million. It is clear than the Incas demonstrated advances in metallurgy, customs, beliefs and life. Gold and silver are ubiquitous in the complex religious and magical symbolism of Peruvian cultures. For pre-Inca civilizations, these metals represented the sun-moon, day-night, male-female duality. In the Inca Empire, the sun god or Inti represented sovereignty on the divine plane and Mama Killa (“mother moon”), the moon goddess, was Inti’s wife, mother of the sky. The Temple of the Sun is an order of priestesses. The shapes that these metals have indicated the seniority and power of those who used them and their importance for burials. The ancient Peruvians developed techniques unknown to Europeans at the time, such as adding color to other metal surfaces with gold or silver plating. Four pre-Incan cultures stood out at the highest level of goldsmithy. They are Vicus, Moche, Sican and Chimu that developed on the northern coast of Peru. The Inca Empire was richer in possession of metal objects in gold and silver and the quality and finesse of its finished than its predecessors. Historical documents found in the Archive of the Indias one that says: In the magnificent temple of Koricancha (Cusco) was a solid gold disc the size of a wagon wheel representing the sun god, golden idols-size human figure with gold and silver llamas also life-size and many of the same metal plates covering the walls of the temple.
Stretching though the Lower Lurín Valley of Peru, Pachacamac Sanctuary the coastal region just south of Lima. Developed as a small ceremonial center in the early 5th century, Pachacamac grew to become one of the most important religious complexes in the pre-Columbian Andean world, reaching its peak during the 6th century. Inca society that controlled the site after defeating the local Yschma, and occupied the sanctuary until the Spanish arrived in 1533. Pachacamac became an important pilgrimage destination before the arrival of the Incas between 400 and 600. Incan civilization that the control of agricultural and production in the surrounding region. Additionally, the Incas constructed the Temple of the Sun, the Old Temple, the Painted Temple, and the Acllawasi, many dedicated to Incan worship of the Sun. The Acllahausi, where Incan women prepared for the Sun worship, is the only one of its kind left in Peru. The building is composed of stone walls crafted using the traditional Inca style. More than 18 structures, most built of clay adobe, are protected by fortified earthen walls.
3 Hours Before Flight Time
Lima is the capital city of Peru with almost 15 mill inhabitants its characteristic are; a large coast Line, big local markets, you will be impressed by the delicious culinary diversity, the variety in vegetables and fruits. Delicious meals from coast to the jungle taste, its famous ceviche which already impressed the entire world. The following destinations are waiting for you:
Welcome and transfer from the airport to the chosen hotel.
AM or PM: City tour, Colonial and Modern Lima: We start this tour with a panoramic view of the Huaca Pucllana, pre-Inca temple of the IV century AD. Visit the Museum of the Central Reserve Bank, admiring the sample of ancient cultures of Peru, with a select exhibition of gold objects, ceramics, textiles of diverse pre-Columbian cultures and the Cohen Gold Collection. Enjoy a walk through the Plaza Mayor observing the Cathedral, Government Palace and the Municipal Palace. Also, discover the San Francisco Monastery and its Catacombs. Finally, enjoy the amazing view of the Pacific Ocean. * BCRP Museum, closed to the public Mondays and Sundays.
Hotel night in Lima
PM Gold Museum: Important private collection of gold pieces from diverse pre-Columbian cultures, some with more than 2000 years old. Objects and jewelry of incalculable value, worked in gold, silver and precious stones. The Gold Museum of Peru, also exhibits a valuable collection of ancient and modern weapons that are considered one of the best of its kind worldwide. In these rooms armor, uniforms and objects of different times and places are shown, some even dating from 1,300 years BC. This show is known as the Weapons Museum of the World.
HTL night Lima.
AM Pachacamac Sanctuary: Sanctuary of the god Pachacamac, our excursion begins with a panoramic view of the “Pucllana Pyramid”, built in the 4th century AD. and considered “sacred town”, where thousands of pilgrims arrived to present their offerings and consult the oracle of Pachacamac that looked at the past, the future and destiny. Guided tour of the splendid Pachacamac Citadel, including the Temple of the Sun, Pachacamac Temple, Acllahuasi or Palace of the Virgins of the Sun. Visit to Barranco’s bohemian district. On the way enjoy stunning views of the Pacific Ocean.
Breakfast at the Hotel
At an agreed time transfer from the hotel to Airport to get your flight to your next destination.