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Lima the Capital of Peru
Lima is also the largest city of Peru. It is located in the valleys of the Chillón, Rímac and Lurín rivers, in the central coastal part of the country, overlooking the Pacific Ocean. Together with the seaport of Callao, it forms a contiguous urban area known as the Lima Metropolitan Area. With a population of more than 15 million, Lima is the most populous metropolitan area of Peru and the third-largest city in the Americas, behind São Paulo and Mexico City.
Lima was founded on 18 January 1535 by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro and named the city of kings (Ciudad de los Reyes). It became the capital and most important city in the Viceroyalty of Peru. Following the Peruvian War of Independence, it became the capital of the Republic of Peru (República del Perú).
Nowadays Due to its geostrategic importance, it has been defined as a “beta” city. The city is considered as the political, cultural, financial and commercial center of the country. Internationally, it is one of the thirty most populated urban agglomerations in the world.
Sacred place, known as Huaca Pucllana pyramid, was built by members of the Lima culture, a Pre-Incan indigenous coastal civilization that lasted in the region from around 100 CE to 650 CE. The Lima culture and their contemporaries were notable for their mastery of irrigation, which allowed them to develop settlements across considerable territory. Surrounded by a desert climate, the Lima and other early Peruvian cultures created sprawling networks to carry much-needed water from springs and rivers to the towns. Huaca Pucllana was used partially an administrative site for the surrounding irrigation zone. The complex is separated by a large wall running from north to south, and spaces that were likely used for public meetings, storage, and other production-focused undertakings are focused along its eastern side. The west half was a ceremonial sector, containing the 22-meter-high pyramid and used for religious rites. Today, the Huaca Pucllana complex includes an area for workshops, a small souvenir shop and a restaurant overlooking the ruins. The museum exhibits ceramics, textiles, tools, artifacts and other remains found on the site over the years.
Museum of the Central Reserve Bank of Peru
The Museum, located at the corner of the Lampa and Ucayali streets in the city of Lima, formerly the headquarters of the Bank, exhibits an archaeological collection with representations of all pre-Columbian cultures, a complete collection of republican paintings of the country, a valuable sample of Popular Art formed by ceramics, painting and textile work and craftsmanship of artisans of several regions of Peru. The Archeology Room presents a representative sample of the art of the original cultures of ancient Peru. Ceramic ceremonial vessels, stone and wood carvings, and ancient fabrics that shows the mastery and quality achieved by the artists of the past. The pre-Columbian metallurgy is displayed in the Hugo Cohen Gold Hall, where a collection is exhibited that is composed of ritual objects and body ornaments made of gold, silver, copper and various alloys. These objects were used by men and women who fulfilled political-religious roles in the societies of ancient Peru.
Lima Main Square
The Plaza Mayor or Plaza de Armas of Lima, is the birthplace of the city of Lima, as well as the core of the city. Located in the Historic Centre of Lima, it is surrounded by the Government Palace, Cathedral of Lima, Archbishop’s Palace of Lima, the Municipal Palace, and the Palace of the Union. In 1523, Spain King Charles mandated the procedures for the creation of cities in the New World. These procedures indicated that after outlining a city’s plan, growth should follow a grid centered on the square shape of the plaza.
San Francisco Basilica
Is the Spanish name for Saint Francis Monastery located in Lima, Peru, one block northeast from the Lima main square. The church and convent are part of the Historic Centre of Lima, which was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1991. Aside from a church and monastery it also contains a library and catacombs. In this church, Jude the Apostle is venerated. The church and monastery were blessed in 1673 and completed in 1674. The church is noted for its architecture, a high example of Spanish Baroque. Its granite carved portal would later influence those on other churches, Including Merced Church. The monastery survived several earthquakes intact in 1687 and 1746, it suffered extensive damage in an earthquake in 1970.
San Francisco catacombs, it is estimated that 25,000 bodies were laid to rest in the catacombs; the crypts, built of bricks and mortar, are very solid and have stood up well to earthquakes. The catacombs served as a burial-place until 1808, when the city cemetery was opened outside Lima and contain thousands of skulls and bones. The catacombs were rediscovered in 1943. It is also believed there existed secret passageways that connected to the Cathedral and the Tribunal of the Holy Inquisition.
3 Hours Before Flight Time
Lima is the capital of Peru (overall population 32 mill inhabitants) its characteristics are; A large coastline, large local markets, you will be impressed by the delicious culinary diversity, the variety of vegetables and fruits. Delicious meals from the coast to the taste of the jungle, its famous ceviche that has already impressed the entire world. The following destinations are waiting for you:
Welcome and transfer from the airport to the chosen hotel.
AM or PM: City tour, Colonial and Modern Lima: We start this tour with a panoramic view of the Huaca Pucllana, pre-Inca temple of the IV century AD. Visit the Museum of the Central Reserve Bank, admiring the sample of ancient cultures of Peru, with a select exhibition of gold objects, ceramics, textiles of diverse pre-Columbian cultures and the Cohen Gold Collection. Enjoy a walk through the Plaza Mayor observing the Cathedral, Government Palace and the Municipal Palace. Also, discover the San Francisco Monastery and its Catacombs. Finally, enjoy the amazing view of the Pacific Ocean. * BCRP Museum, closed to the public Mondays and Sundays.
Hotel night in Lima
Breakfast at the Hotel
At an agreed time transfer from the hotel to Airport to get your flight to your next destination.