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Machu Picchu citadel took some 30 years to construct. Built during the reign of Inca Pachacutec (1438 – 1471), Due to limited historical information the true and original name of this epic Inca citadel is unknown. Machu Picchu’s name derives from the mountain that lies to the south-west of the citadel, meaning “Old Mountain.” Machu Picchu citadel covers a vast area of approximately 9 hectares (22.3 acres), and is constructed on a mountain ridge high above the Sacred Valley.
Machu Picchu is split into two main sectors: the Agricultural Sector in the south and the Urban Sector in the north, of which both are roughly equal in size. Granite stone was the main building material used in the construction of Machu Picchu, which was obtained from onsite quarries and others within close proximity. The Agricultural Sector is largely made up of row after row of stepped terraces and store houses, whilst the Urban Sector is made up of streets, corrals, kanchas, storehouses, lodgings and impressive temples. The finest Inca construction techniques were reserved for the Royal Quarter; the best examples are found at the Sacred Square, the Temple of the Sun and the Temple of the Moon. This magic and epic Inca citadel is one of South America’s greatest archaeological sites. In 1981, Machu Picchu was declared a Peruvian Historical Sanctuary and later in 1983, it became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
3 Hours Before Flight Time
Travelling to Cusco shouldn’t be underestimated remember the Inca empire is located at 3,400 meters (11,200ft), therefore we strongly recommend to consult your doctor about altitude pills and the vaccines you may need.
You can expect a really nice adventure which you absolutely will remember for a very long time. Machu Picchu is about 2500 meters (8200 feet) above sea level and the visit to this magical place is just very unique and special. You will see several old Inca ruins on the way to there and eventually reach Macchu Picchu. Experience to see this amazing wonder the Incas did at the time.
Welcome at the airport in Cusco and transfer to the train station to get you to Aguas Calientes city and then by bus to Machu Picchu. Lunch buffet at Aguas Calientes and eventually return to Cusco city.
Hotel night in Cusco
Breakfast at the hotel and at agreed time transfer from the hotel to the Airport to get your flight to your next destination.